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This third volume provides information and guide the lawmakers in their legislative and oversight functions. It is also aimed at providing accurate and valid information for the Nigeria public. This volume covers 2010 to 2014 although previous years are mentioned in some cases. The book is organised in ten chapters, covering virtually every sector of Nigeria's economy and society, namely, population and demographic, Education, Transportation, Health, Economic Infrastructure, Unemployment, Poverty and Human Development, Environment, Crime and Security and Governance. Each chapter provides detailed and full information on the various sectors covered. The data presented show that Nigeria's achievement in aspects of the economy and society, including improved access to education and the level of literacy, improved access to health care, improvements in transportation and telecommunications, and overall growth performance, are still minimal and yet to translate to the desired improvement in social wellbeing. This is early evident in comparative data on social conditions, even within the African continent. The country's low ranking on human development underlies the need for appropriate and urgent policy measures and strategies of address the factors behind the limited social welfare effects of public projects and programmes in Nigeria.
Keywords: Economy, healthcare, unemployment, poverty, human development, security
Subject Area: 9
Demographics: discusses trends in Nigeria’s population (by size and composition), population policy issues, and comparative analysis of population dynamics in Nigeria and selected African countries.
Education: focuses on school enrollment in Almajiri and conventional school systems, appraisal of students’ performances in English and Mathematics (WAEC and NECO), and MDGs implementation status in Education.
Health: examines issues concerning the revised National Health System, its policy targets and objectives. Performance indicators in the health sector were also not left out as access to health care was discussed across three tiers of health care service delivery (primary, secondary and tertiary) health care systems. Immunization coverage and other health targets contained in the MDGs such as maternal and child mortality rate, HIV/AIDS prevalence and control, malaria control, are also examined. The challenges confronting Nigeria’s health sector are also highlighted.
Economic Infrastructure: Discussed here are issues relating to the transport system, energy and utilities (such as electricity and water supply), telecommunications and national housing. The challenges confronting each aspect of the infrastructure value chain are also highlighted.
Unemployment, Poverty and Human Development. This chapter contains highlights of majoremployment and anti-poverty programmes, job creation initiatives, trend of population growth and job creation, and changes in sectoral contribution to GDP (before and after the rebasing). Data on poverty and inequality with cross country comparison, misery index, happiness ranking and human development index are also examined.
Environment: This presents a detailed summary of the legal and regulatory issues in environmental policy in Nigeria. It also discusses the socio-economic impacts of floods and deforestation. Data on environmental performance index for selected countries (including Nigeria), are also discussed.
Crime and Security- presents and discusses incidences of armed robbery, kidnapping and murder for the period 2000-2012, rescued victims of human trafficking from 2000 – 2013, timeline of terrorism/ Boko Haram related activities from June 1999 – June 2013, summary of conviction of Human Traffickers from 2004-2012 and population of prison inmates (2000-2013). The budgetary allocations to the security sector are also presented and discussed.
Governance: This chapter gives an overview of Governance in Nigeria and presents worldwide governance indicators relating to voice and accountability, political stability and absence of violence, effective governance, regulatory quality and rule of law. A comparative analysis of these indices using selected African countries is also carried out. A further innovation of this chapter lies in its reliance on more than one source of data for measures of governance to arrive at its conclusions. The measures used are: World Governance Indicators, Mo Ibrahim Indicators and Transparency International Corruption Index.
Conclusion: This section presents mainline findings from each chapter, deduce the social implications of government programmes in the sectors examined and offer recommendations were applicable. It also deduces policy considerations that would be useful for the government as well as the 8th National Assembly. A major conclusion from this Social Indicators report is that Nigeria should pursue in line with its constitutional mandate, policies, programmes and projects that will improve the well-being of all. Clearly, the MDGs did not meet the aspiration of all and poverty and social hardship still live with us. Hence, as the world has adopted the Sustainable Development Goals, the National Assembly must be mindful of its role as the people’s representatives to bring about good and effective legislation that will help drive policy implementation in Nigeria in the desired direction.